Sat. Jun 10th, 2023

What are handloom sarees?

Handloom sarees are those that are woven on a loom by hand, one at a time, establishing the longitudinal and latitudinal strands as the shuttle moves back and forth. These sarees typically use only natural materials and steer clear of synthetic ones. As a result, the colours are made from natural dyes and last a long time. These sarees are sustainable and kind to the environment because they last for many years. These sarees have a rich texture and high quality. The hand-drawn patterns exhibit originality and superb craftsmanship.

In India, you may find a wide range of handloom sarees, from those for formal events like Banarasi and Kanjeevaram to those for everyday wear like Chanderi and Begumpuri. If you want to look beautiful or just want to honour and preserve the rich traditional culture, handloom sarees are the best option. These sarees unquestionably impart a really stylish, elegant look!

Importance of Handloom Sarees

  • Handwoven sarees are a testament to the artist’s devotion and dedication. 
  • Tens of hours are spent on this intricate, complicated process to make just one saree. 
  • The process of selecting the appropriate colours and weaving them on the loom in the appropriate pattern is regarded as an art form. 
  • These sarees are prized by women for their beauty and wealth. 
  • These sarees’ magnificence is unmatched and unmatched by sarees created in textile mills. 
  • The sarees are created with a high level of quality, allowing them to last for several generations.

Features Of Handloom Sarees:

  • Exclusive Handloom sarees are lightweight since they are solely produced from natural fibres like cotton and silk.
  • Real gold and silver threads are weaved into pure handloom silk sarees to create a rich lustre.
  • Like the Banarasi saree, Pochampally saree, Dharmavaram, Maheshwari, etc., each of these saree kinds has a weave that is unique to the area. There are many different types of handloom sarees. There are wide variations in design style, theme selection, and colour schemes.
  • An average Handloom wedding silk saree takes 20 to 25 days to complete. This demonstrates how much work went into creating them.

Most Popular Indian Handloom Sarees:

1. Banarasi Sarees

Banarasi is one of the most well-known kind of traditional handloom saree in both India and the rest of the globe. It is the ideal attire for weddings and other festive events. The pallu features intricate zari and embroidered work with threads of gold and silver. They also have beautiful floral, botanical, and Mughal architectural motifs. There are several different Banarasi sarees available from the saree merchants.

2. Kanjeevaram Sarees

Another well-known handloom saree is the traditional Kanjivaram or Kanchipuram silk saree from South India. This saree is from Tamil Nadu and comes in sophisticated patterns and striking colour contrasts. These sarees are embellished with depictions of temples, palaces, deities, religious symbols, leaves, and flowers. The pallu, body, and border of Kanjeevaram sarees are all woven individually before being sewn together, which is remarkable. Contrasting borders are a distinctive feature of Kanjeevaram sarees. Pure golden threads are frequently used in the zari art.

3. Chanderi Sarees

Cotton sarees from Chanderi, a tiny village in Madhya Pradesh, are well known for being ideal for casual use. These sarees are lighter and more affordable than others, making them ideal for summer.

The transluceny, the glossy-shimmery texture, is what makes Chanderi Sarees unique. The yarn gains its glossiness as a result of the gum still being present. The saree is enhanced by the zari work’s use of animal, avian, floral, and coin themes. These days, these sarees also have geometrical patterns on them, giving them a modern appearance. Light pastel hues and breathability are common characteristics of chanderi silk sarees.

4. Begumpuri Sarees

These sarees are ideal for casual occasions and even wearing to work because they are light and airy. These Begumpuri Sarees exhibit an amazing level of sophistication and decency. You can choose them for your summers because of their basic body and contrasted border. Begumpuri sarees can be identified by the inclusion of patterns and, in some kinds, the weaving method known as chiur (which creates patterns using wooden pattayas). 

Typically, cotton yarns with counts ranging from 40 to 100 are used to weave begampurisarees. Steel reeds between 56 and 76 sizes are frequently utilised to retain the texture of sarees comparable to that of the Dhaniakhaligharana. The number of picks per inch and the number of ends per inch are practically equal.

5. Kalamkari Sarees

Kalamkari is a term for pen art. It has its roots in the storytelling tradition, where objects painted by hand were utilised to transmit stories. Another kind of storytelling with significant religious and mythological significance is kalamkari art. They frequently contain images of Gods and Goddesses as well as events from the Ramayana and Mahabharata. These sarees’ hues don’t fade thanks to their all-natural dyes!

The state of Andhra Pradesh produces the majority of kalamkari sarees. These sarees are made of Chennur Silk and Mul-Mul Cotton. An example of a hand-painted or block-painted cloth is kalamkari, in which certain areas are coloured and have finer lines.

6. Baluchari Sarees

Indian women typically wear Baluchari sarees in Bishnupur and the West Bengal region around it. In India, the Baluchari Sari has been given the designation of Geographic Indication. Ramayana and Mahabharat motifs are depicted on the pallu of these gorgeous silk sarees. The thread embroidered motifs adorn the square blocks that make up the border.

Swarnachari is a type of zari-woven Baluchari saree. In West Bengal, these sarees are a mainstay for ladies. Baluchari silk sarees are among the most expensive in the market since their intricate designs require a great deal of work.

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