Home Solar How Do Solar Panels Work Exactly? A Quick Guide

How Do Solar Panels Work Exactly? A Quick Guide

by jhon duncen
Solar Panels

Did you know that the global renewable energy industry earned almost $700 billion last year?

Home solar panels, in particular, are taking the world by storm. The reason for this success is that people are becoming more conscious of their effect on the environment. Plus, the technology is getting better and better.

Are you asking yourself, “How do solar panels work?” Keep reading to learn all about it with this quick guide.

The Basics of Solar Panels

Before we go into the specifics of solar panel technology, it’s important to know a general concept involving electricity. After all, an electric field is generated in a solar panel after it catches the sun’s rays. From there, the electricity spreads outward and encounters a conductive wire that’s situated at the panel’s edge.

Due to solar panel science, this wire can direct the electricity to a piece of technology called an inverter. What this does is alternate the electricity from DC to AC. As you might know, AC is the type of electrical current that’s standard for keeping structures powered, including homes.

Once the electricity gets changed to AC, it’ll flow to a breaker box that can allow you to use the electricity as needed. The great news is that excess electricity gets credited and will actually cause your meter to turn back, allowing you to save money. That fact alone should have you picking up the phone to contact the best solar company.

Photovoltaic Cells

It’s worth learning about how residential solar panels are powered by the technology known as photovoltaic (PV) cells. These are the main ingredient as far as turning light into electrical energy. Each cell is created using silicon and other semi-conductive parts, which goes a long way toward generating that necessary electrical field.

Every cell is also created with a semiconductor that’s negatively charged and one that’s positively charged. When the light hits the solar panel, the electrons are knocked loose from their orbit and join the panel’s electrical field.

This process allows for a steady stream of light that’s harvested as electricity. After all, the sun is essentially an endless source of energy that allows us to ease our reliance on fossil fuels if not eliminate that reliance altogether.

If you’re worried about the health of the planet, then buying solar panels is one way you can help. 

How Do Solar Panels Work? Now You Know

Has a friend or family member ever asked you, “How do solar panels work?” Now that you’ve learned all about it, you can give them the rundown and impress them with your knowledge. While you’re at it, you and your loved ones can start investing in solar panels for a cleaner and less expensive future.

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