Tue. Sep 26th, 2023

Since India gained independence in 1997,our national leaders have placed a high value on education. They have been constantly working for expansion of education to all strata of Indian society. An educational strategy was adopted by the Indian Parliament in 1968 to develop the Indian education system. Education has been elevated to a central role in the country’s growth. Our government has taken complete responsibility for children’s and adults’ education. As a result, in India, the right to primary or elementary education has become a constitutional right. Due to the present situation, pursuing education is not done only by schools, it can be done by educational apps which have efficient platforms to create and sell online courses  . These apps can help in enhancing the skills of students by selling online courses platform which will further increase their success rate. The pandmeic has surely brought a great revolution in the field of education. Let’s discuss some of the traditional levels of education followed in India. 

1.Primary Education / Primary Schooling

The majority of youngsters did not have access to primary education during the time period of our independence. India has made significant progress in basic education since then.

According to statistics, a substantial percentage of youngsters aged 6 to 11 are enrolled in school. The enrolment rate is as high as 90% in some regions.

However, it is proving extremely tough to bring the remaining children into the scope of universal primary education for a variety of reasons, including: some live in inaccessible areas, parents’ lack of motivation in sending their children to school, a deep-seated stereotypes against educating girls, and practical difficulties due to geographical distance and poor accessibility of schools.

The elementary education sector also faces the following challenges:

  • Our primary kids have a lengthy curriculum. 
  • An elementary school student must read a huge quantity of books. Many books are written in such a way that they do not pique the interest of young readers.
  • We have fewer academics and teachers than we require.
  • Furthermore, due to the high dropout rate, universal elementary education (UEE) remains a distant goal.
  1. Secondary Education

Secondary education serves as the fulcrum or hub of a country’s educational system. Since Independence, there have been innovations in the structure of secondary education. The Kothari Commission of 1965 suggested the 10+2+3 education system, which is now being applied in practically all Indian states and union territories. This system (pattern) has two streams: higher secondary schools and secondary schools.

Academic streams that prepare students for post-secondary education and vocational streams that are of a final nature. However, only a few schools have ever been able to provide this level of education. As a result, schools with educational streams continue to proliferate, negating the goal of lowering intense competition for college education.

Many states provide free education up to the junior secondary level, and a few states provide free education up to the higher secondary level.

  1. Higher Education

In India, there are around 180 universities and 4500 colleges that provide higher education. There are also a number of institutions that provide specific information and technical skills. Because education is a government-run programme. In India, state governments are free to establish new universities.

The Grants Commission is a body that distributes funds to universities. It is not, however, required for the establishment of a university. Many Indian state governments have taken use of this provision in recent years, opening a considerable number of universities.

The term “education explosion” refers to the massive expansion in the total number of students and educational institutions. Without a doubt, this has led to severe issues such as due to financial constraints and lack of proper infrastructure, as well as a loss of personal attention to kids’ education and character development. There’s also the unintended consequence of a massive rise in the number of educated unemployed.

However, we must not forget the benefits of India’s education boom. A simple elevation in the percentage of literate individuals does not imply a qualitative shift in people’s educational standards or a significant enhancement in India’s personnel resources. The availability of enormous numbers of educated people in India cannot be attributed for the country’s unemployment crisis.

Mode of instruction

The government’s policy on the medium of education in India has been distinguished by ambiguity and vacillation. The government’s policy on medium of education has remained unchanged. However, a large growth in the number of elementary and secondary schools offering English-medium education is a notable development.Thousands of nursery schools have sprung up in the previous decade, all claiming to provide English-language education to infants.

We must develop an educational system that is balanced. Both the mother tongue and the English language should be used to deliver education.

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