For the class 12th Science stream students, Maths is one of the important subjects that contributes to the competitive exams as well as board exams immensely. The NCERT textbook provides a base for the students to study for the Maths board exam. It contains all the chapters. However, from the viewpoint of competitive exams, there might be a requirement for additional material such as reference books or online materials.
Maths is a challenging subject for most of the students as Class 12 consists of both differentiation and integration. A student must learn all the properties, functions, formulae, and their application to solving a numerical problem.
When it comes to preparation and designing a timetable, most of the students start with the chapters that are lengthy and they have not studied them. However, going through the distribution of marks per unit and finding the important topics will pave an easier way on what topics to study and learn thoroughly.
Below is the marks distribution of class 12 Maths for the final paper:
Unit 1: Relations and Functions – 8 marks
Unit 2: Algebra – 10 marks
Unit 3: Calculus – 3 marks
Unit 4: Vectors and three-dimensional geometry – 13 marks
Unit 5: Linear Programming – 5 marks
Unit 6: Probability – 8 marks
These marks make a total of 80 marks whereas the remaining 20 marks are allotted for the internal assessment. The total marks of the units are distributed among various chapters.
Figure out the question paper pattern and start learning from the high-scoring sections. Below given is the question paper pattern of the class 12 CBSE Maths Exam:
Section A carries 20 questions of 1 mark each
Section B carries 6 questions of 2 marks each
Section C carries 6 questions of 4 marks each
Section D carries 4 questions of 6 marks each
There will be a choice in a few of the questions from each section.
The students should go through the important topics of each chapter and practice as many questions as possible from different materials.
A student must follow the below-given tips to score more than 90 marks in class 12 Maths:
NCERT Textbook: For CBSE Students, the NCERT textbook is the base and foundation of learning the concepts. After thoroughly reading and solving all the examples and exercises that are present in between and at the end of the chapter, a student must move on to reference books if they wish to solve more application-based numerical problems. This provides confidence and self-assurance that you have worked hard and there is no room for a setback. The important chapter to focus on is calculus. This unit holds the highest weightage of marks and a student can score more marks. This unit can be tricky, but if understood and practised properly will yield more marks. Refer to Vedantu NCERT Maths class 12 pdf.
Solve Previous Year’s Question Papers: The preparation of a student is incomplete without solving at least 3 or 4 previous year’s question papers. This gives you an idea about the marking scheme and marks distribution. This also helps you in analyzing your preparation and gives you a chance to brush up on the concepts one more time. According to the marks allotted, you will understand how accurate and adequate your answer must be. For example, from the chapter on linear programming, there is one question that certainly appears in section C or D. Go through the question papers and it is more likely that the questions may get repeated.
Write and Revise: While preparing or learning a concept, write it. Studies have shown that the students who learn by writing and understanding tend to remember the information for a longer time. Maths is all about solving and calculations. Write all the formulae on a sheet of paper chapter-wise that are necessary to solve the questions. Before going to the examination, go through the formulae list to brush your memory. Learn the important derivations that may be asked. For example, from the integration chapter, there are a few formulae and properties that need to be derived to conclude.
Avoid obvious mistakes: Most of the students prepare well for their exams and yet lose marks. This happens due to the overlooking of the silly mistakes or applying the wrong formulae for solving the question. There are a lot of formulae involving trigonometric signs that the students tend to get mixed. Understand the formulae and in what context it is applied. Do not mug up the formulae. This leads to mixing up and getting confused during the examination. Another common mistake done by the students is not verifying their answer paper. After finishing the paper, spare a few minutes to look out for the mistakes and cross-verify your solutions. Do not forget to verify the calculations. Sometimes the method is all correct but the final answer is wrong.
Management of time: The students are given 3 hours to solve the question paper. As Maths involves a lot of calculations, prepare ahead of time to tackle these problems. In a day, take out 3 hours and solve a previous year’s question paper. Analyze and boost your performance. This saves a lot of time for verifying the answer paper at the end. Utilize the first 15 minutes to read the question paper completely. Do not make mistakes while copying the wrong data or assuming the question.
Stay Healthy and Motivated: During the preparation, students forget to take care of their health. This results in them getting sick and tend to lose energy while studying. Try to meditate and exercise in a day. It helps your brain function better and keeps your mind fresh. Do not eat fast food or snacks. Eat healthy food. Do not stress or force yourself to study. Never come under your parent’s pressure.